Edward Tyldesley -1587

Edward Tyldesley was the son of Thurstan Tyldesley and his second wife Jane Langton. It seems likely that it is this Edward who is mentioned in the muster for 1556 a.

LEVY OF 200 ARCHERS. — QUOTA FOR EACH HUNDRED.
The appointmt and Taxacon of two hundred souldiers, beinge all archers, levyed wthin the countie of Lancaster to serve the Queenes Matie under the conduction of Sr Robte Worsley Knight, & Edward Tildesley Esq, 1556, et anno tertio et quarto Phi: et Mariae.
Hundreth de
Derbie xlij
Salford xxxvj
Laylond xvij            CC Archers.?6
Amoundernes xxx
Blackbornc xxxix
Lonesdalle xxxvj
Md. That evie archer had allowed vnto hym Xs in money over & besydes his furniture.
Sir Robert Worsley was Edward's brother-in-law, being married to his half-sister Alice Tyldesley.

Around 1558, Edward married Anne Leyland, daughter and heiress of Thomas Leyland of Morleys Hall, around 1558. Morleys Hall, since demolished and rebuilt, was a property then surrounded by a moat.. The circumstances of the marriage are given by Baines:

A tradition prevails in the parish that a daughter of Leyland's having formed an attachment to one of the Tyldesleys, in opposition to the wishes of her father, the young lady was shut up in her room; but having provided herself with a rope, she tied one end of it round her body, and threw the other to her expecting lover, on the opposite side of the moat, when casting herself out of the window into the water, which was thirty feet wide, he dragged her to land, and they were married before the adventure was known to the family.

It is believed that Edward took Anne directly to the chapel at Wardley Hall where they were married. The chapel had been established in 1361 by Edward's ancestor, Thurstan Tyldesley, after his return from the Poitiers campaign.

Two factors may have led to the elopement. First, Edward Tyldesley was a second son, without great financial expectations. Second, Thomas Leyland had a reputation as a rather irascible man - apparently on one occasion turning his own pregnant wife out of the house. Whatever the reasons, Thomas Leyland appears to have forgiven his son-in-law and Morleys Hall passed into the possession of the Tyldesleys.

Edward and Anne had eight children:

  • Thomas Tyldesley
  • Joan Tyldesley
  • Thurstan Tyldesley
  • Edward Tyldesley
  • Jane Tyldesley
  • Anne Tyldesley
  • Margaret Tyldesley
  • William Tyldesley

On his death in 1564, Thomas Leyland left his grandson and namesake a gold angel.

In 1572 William Kenyon, one of Edward's friends, and godfather to his daughter Margaret, died. His will includes the following bequests:

Yt ys my will that myn awne mr Edwarde Tyldisley Esquier shalhave my instrumente wch I have lente hym so that he leave the same to his sonne Thoms after his deathe and that Mrgarate Tildisley my goddoughter shalhave my beste Jemewe rynge of golde.

The elopement of Edward and Anne was later to inspire a poem by Branwell Brontë. The poem, never finished, was instigated by Joseph Bentley Leyland, who in return produced a medallion portrait of Brontë. At the end of the 90 line fragment, entitled Morley Hall, Brontë refers to Edward Tyldesley's great-grandson, Sir Thomas Tyldesley

When Death draws down the veil, and night bids evening close.
King Charles, who, fortune falling, would not fall,
Might glance with saddened eyes on Morley Hall
And while his own cause—glides into the grave—
Remember Tyldesly died his throne to save.

References
  1. The Lancashire Lieutenancy Under the Tudors and Stuarts, John Harland, 1859
  2. The History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster, Edward Baines, 1870.
  3. The Brontë, Juliet Barker, 2001.
  4. Lancashire and Cheshire Wills and Inventories, The Revd. G J Piccope (Editor), 1857
Notes
  • Harland suggests that the muster refers to Edward Tyldesley who died in 1618. This cannot be correct as Edward who died in 1618 was not born until 1585 - many years after the muster.